These differences resulted in mule deer acquiring ~25% more dry matter and digestible energy per day. Mule deer are selective feeders. The mule deer spend most of their time in timber patches and brushy draws that are scattered abundantly throughout the area. The collaborative study is looking at various aspects of mule deer ecology: movement, survival, antler size, body condition, fawn recruitment, diet, and nutrition. A Mule is the product of breeding a male donkey with a female horse. Near summers end, leaves form a principal food source, with the diet moving to twigs, buds and branches. The product of breeding a male horse with a female donkey (just the opposite) is known as a “hinny.” Because genetic research shows us that the donkey and the horse are separate species, their offspring, the Mule, is a genetic hybrid. Deer digestive tracts differ from cattle (Bos taurus) and elk (Cervus canadensis) in that they have a smaller rumen in relation to their body size and so they must be Read more. If you want to spot one, you have to find the best times. In California, long distance migration is rare among large mammals, and mule deer … Behavior of Mule Deer. However, studies conducted in Wyo-ming indicate that the following plants are especially impor-tant to mule deer in winter: sagebrush (Artemisia spp. Now it's time to put your plans into action and tag that mule deer … Deer need the right types of food and shelter in order to thrive. In the diets of desert mule deer, Marshal et al. Mule deer are primarily browsers, with a majority of their diet comprised of forbs and browse (leaves/twigs of woody shrubs). The diets of mule deer are very similar to those of whitetail deer in areas where they coexist. Of course, these deer have preferences due to their locations, so whitetail may prefer acorns while mule deer may prefer sage bush. In the remaining time I have, I look around the water. In the wintertime food is significantly harder to find, and deer eat a lot of buds, bark and shoots then. Identifying Features . Deer eat a wide variety of plants, but their main food item … belong to the desert subspecies (Odocoileus hemionus crooki). Diet: Along the continuum from grazers to browsers, mule deer are classified as intermediate or mixed feeders and can switch from a diet composed primarily of grasses and forbs to one primarily of browse [7,119,216]. • Antler fork/branch out repeatedly but you would only see this in … With the Borderlands Research Institute, graduate student Jacob Lampman is focusing on the latter of these—how agriculture influences mule deer diets and nutrition. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears.They are brownish-gray in color, have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. November mule deer hunting tips and tactics. Diet composition (% dry wt) of mule deer by plant category during summers, 1983 through 1988, in mountain brush habitat on the Pine Valley Mountains 45 10. Mule deer are the largest of the five types of deer (mule, whitetail, Columbia blacktail, Sitka blacktail, and Couses') in North America. They eat what is easily accessible. Grasses and succulents were generally < 5% of the diet. Mule deer are selective feeders. Use of Diet Richness and Diet Resolution Diet overlap of mule deer and wild, feral, and livestock herbivores. During fall, as snow begins piling up, does lead their fawns downhill through transitional habitat to find more accessible food sources, ultimately reaching flatter sage-covered wintering areas. This makes them much more selective in their diet. Previous studies evaluating diets of sympatric ungulates have provided insights on conditions that influence diet overlap. The Panhandle population may represent a mixture of the desert and Rocky Mountain subspecies (O. h. hemionus). Diet preference among differing sex and age classes of mule deer. Mule deer are opportunistic, concentrate selectors. Mule deer populations are calculated by Texas Parks and Wildlife biologists through 945 miles of aerial transects and 393 miles of spotlight surveys. INTRODUCTION 2 HABITATGUIDELINESFORMULEDEER-COLORADOPLATEAUECOREGION M uleandblack-taileddeer(collectivelycalled muledeer,Odocoileushemionus)areiconsofthe AmericanWest.Probablynoanimalrepresents The mule deer is not adaptable to changes in climate, falls prey to many natural predators, and is also the deer most commonly killed by vehicles. Telltale Sign Blacktail deer sign resembles sign left by whitetail deer in similar heavily forested habitats. For that reason, thick vegetation areas are home to this animal. 1 . mule deer, cattle, and domestic sheep on shared aspen– sagebrush summer range at the forage category (forbs, grami-noids, and woody browse) level, in plant communities, and under environmental conditions spanning 3 years. Below is a list I made of the foods I found that they eat. Results support the conjecture that big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata wyomingensis) in excess of 30% in the diet is detrimental to mule deer nutritional health. Besides tracks and scat, look for narrow trails as well as rubs and beds. (Shutterstock image) Put these tips in your back pocket, and get ready to take that heavy-antlered mule deer buck you've been searching for. Factors affecting mule deer populations. Mule and white‐tailed deer had similar activity patterns. Drought, habitat degradation, reproduction, water distribution, and predator density are factors affecting mule deer … The Rut Mule deer and whitetail, more or less, eat the same things. A lot of the time deer will feed in the mornings and hit the water on the way to their beds. Mule deer have small stomachs, compared to their overall body size. The larger dry weight of digesta in mule deer indicated a potential for a diet containing more fibrous foods than that of white-tailed deer, which are less efficient at digesting fiber. • Ears are large in proportion to the head—like those of a mule for which they are named. Mule Deer must be constantly vigilant for cougar, wolves, black and grizzly bears and even lynx (which may take newborn fawns). They are grazers that feed off of hundreds of different plants. percent or more of the deer diet because other kinds of food are dead and usually covered by snow. Mule Deer feed on grasses and forbs in the spring and summer, however, they are primarily browsers. Diet Mule deer are primarily browsers, feeding on leaves and twigs of woody shrubs. The Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is deer species indigenous to western North America and is named for its large eyes that resemble those of a mule. Most of those plants are forbs, shrubs, saplings, and man-made food plots. Diet of Mule Deer - Foods Mule Deer Eat. They are also known to graze on herbaceous plants. However, mule deer took larger bites and harvested food faster than white‐tailed deer, and white‐tailed deer consumed more diverse but higher‐quality diets than mule deer. The typical diet of the white-tailed deer does not remain constant all year long. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) What do Mule deer look like? Learn about mule deer habitat. Diet. 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