A single vine produces a large number of tubers which can increase the spread of this plant. flavor of other yams is preferred by most people. Male flowers on pendent inflorescence, The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Schultz (1992) notes that \"Dioscorea bulbifera is one of the most common and widespread food yams and can be found in every hot, humid tropical region of the world.\" D. bulbifera is high in diosgenin, and is collected in the wild for ... An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. Prain, Dioscorea bulbifera var. from bracteate (rarely leafy) stems, up to 50 (even 100) cm long; whitish or Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Dioscorea bulbifera Taxonomy ID: 35874 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid35874) current name. Medicinal Uses. Dioscorea bulbifera L. (Chinese: Huangdu, common name: air potato) is a traditional herbal medicine in China, and it is also one of the most widely consumed yam species, especially in West Africa. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. and the Himalayas, at altitudes of 150-2100 m. Photographed in and Maharashtra & Himachal Pradesh. rotunda F.M. The tubers are used in hemoptysis, epistaxis, pyogenic infections, scrofula, orchtis, sprains and various injuries. Weed notes: Dioscorea bulbifera, D. alata, D. sansibarensis. [UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity.] Bartram W, 1998. It was probably introduced intentionally for its edible tubers (Coursey, 1967). The Flora of Guam. London, UK: Longman. Identification and Biology of Non-native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas. Bailey) Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea bulbifera var. Dioscorea bulbifera. The underground tubers and bulbils sprout in the spring (i.e., March in the northern hemisphere) or with the first rains of the rainy season (Morisawa, 1999). Catalogue of vascular plants of Panama. English name – air potato, potato yam. (SENEGAL, BALANTA), Burkill, H.M. 1985. This vine can be found climbing over vegetation in creeks on both campuses. For the West Indies, D. bulbifera was reported on the island of Barbados as a “naturalized plant” by James D. Maycock as early as 1830 (Maycock, 1830). length. Burkill HM, 1985. sativa Prain (synonym) Aerial Yam. Fosberg FR, Sachet M-H, Oliver R, 1987. 227. http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf, Space JC, Waterhouse BM, Newfield M, Bull C, 2004. Sprouting can also occur without soil contact. The air potato plant (Dioscorea bulbifera) is an exotic vine from Asia that was introduced to Florida about 115 years ago to make medicine. http://www.hear.org/pier/reports/niue_report_2004.htm. 1192 pp. It is especially common in disturbed areas, urban forests, forest gaps, forest edges, ruderal areas and along roadsides (Moriwasa, 1999; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008; ISGG, 2012; PIER, 2012). Dioscorea bulbifera var. by Harper, F.]. Bishop Museum Bull., 220:165. Flowering Plants of Jamaica. http://www.hear.org/pier/reports/niue_report_2004.htm, Stevens PF, 2012. Davidse G; Sousa Sánchez M; Chater AO, 1994. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. 2. Diversity and Distributions, 10(2):113-123. it is a human commensal), Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyloxyacetic acid (triclopyr). Coleoptera: Crioceridae-Sagrinae, Donaciinae, Criocerinae. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. The genus Dioscorea includes about 350–800 species distributed largely in the tropics, but also in warm and temperate regions. 10 (2), 113-123. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia:939 pp. Historia fisia, politica y natural de la Isla de Cuba. Correll DS; Correll HB, 1982. The twining stems produce aerial axillary bulbils that are edible. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. English Name: Common Names: Varahi kand. However it is popular in 848 pp. Yuncker TG, 1959. Flora of China Web. Dioscorea bulbifera, Air Yam, Air Potato. Air yam is found in both Africa and Asia with slight differences between Manual de plantas de Costa Rica, Vol. Helmia bulbifera (L.) Kunth. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana., Louisiana, USA: Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Oboh G; Akindahunsi AA; Ekperigin MM, 2001. As with many species within the genus Dioscorea, D. bulbifera does not support its own weight to any great height and in order to capture sunlight, this species has evolved to climb by twining on other plants (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). Dioscorea bulbifera : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Journal/Book Name, Vol. Banalu. Chromosome behaviour in Nigerian yams (Dioscorea). Common Name – Ha. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Gesellschaft fnr Technische Zusammenarbeit, 157 pp. In: UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity, 80 pp. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica v. 3. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. Tropical Asia. Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. Monocotyledoneas (Orchidaceae-Zingiberaceae). (Flora de Antioquia). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. Leaf Shape. http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/, Florence J; Chevillotte H; Ollier C; Meyer JY, 2011. This invasive species has the potential to modify and collapse native plant communities by displacing native species, changing community structure and altering ecological functions (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011). 1692 pp. Kingdom Phylum/Division Class: Order: Family: Genus: Plantae: Magnoliophyta: Liliopsida: Liliales: Dioscoreaceae: Dioscorea: Species Description. Morton JF, 1976. [English title not available]. Bulbils can also last a year or more on the ground waiting for suitable environmental conditions to sprout. Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species. crispata (Roxb). Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008. Some varieties are edible and cultivated as a food crop while others are poisonous. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Flowers are small, white to greenish and they are arranged in relatively long clusters (panicles and spikes) up to 4 inches long (Wagner et al., 1999; Miller, 2003). Problems and perspectives of yam-based cropping systems in Africa. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Idárraga-Piedrahita A; Ortiz RDC; Callejas Posada R; Merello M, 2011. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide, D. bulbifera is a monocotyledonous, dioecious, herbaceous perennial vine, which has been described as one of the most aggressive weeds ever introduced into the United States (. Common Name(s): Air potato, potato yam. DOI:10.1111/j.1366-9516.2004.00059.x. In consequence, the probability of invasion of this species, especially in and near areas where it has been introduced for crop production, remains high. In: Micronesica, 6 1-659. Volumen IV. D. bulbifera is adapted to partially to fully shaded conditions, but it does not tolerate salty or frosty conditions and plant vigour is affected at temperatures below 20°C (Morisawa, 1999; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008). http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/. Huang Yao Zi. (Alismataceae a Cyperaceae). Prain, Dioscorea sativa var. Vol. D. bulbifera was extensively introduced to tropical and subtropical regions of the world to be used as a food crop. The flowers are inconspicuous, male flowers have 6 stamens but females have staminodes present. ©Smithsonian Institution/Pedro Acevedo-Rodriguez, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. London, UK: Lovell Reeve & Co., 789 pp. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Monocotyledons. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. It spread beyond to large swaths of land in the southeastern United States. Invasive plants in Cuba. Dioscoreaceae of South-Central Africa. Chinese Name . not symmetrical. The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. Grisebach “naturalized and cultivated” in Antigua, and he also reported that this species was introduced from the East Indies (Grisebach, 1864). … This fast growing plant forms dense colonies that engulf native vegetation, climbing high into mature tree canopies and shading-out trees and shrubs in the understory (Langeland et al., 1998; Moriwasa, 1999; Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008) This species has the potential to completely out-compete vegetation communities by displacing native species, changing community structures and altering ecological functions (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2008; 2011). Diagnosis: Dioscorea. by Hammel B E, Grayum M H, Herrara C, Zamora N]. The PLANTS Database. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. Gethi, Bhirvolikanda, Genth, Genthi. Piccadilly, London, UK: James Ridgway, 446 pp. Dioscorea violacea Baudon; Helmia bulbifera (L.) Kunth; Polynome bulbifera (L.) Salisb. Micronesia 20: 1-2, 19-129. Barbados: University of the West Indies. green. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Anon, 2003. World Checklist of Dioscoraceae. Dioscorea sativa Hort. Air potato, Dioscorea bulbifera, is an invasive plant not native to Florida but whose present-day distribution includes most of … In 1905, it was intentionally introduced to Florida as a USDA sample sent to the horticulturist Henry Nehrling, who found that the species “soon formed impenetrable masses” and adding that except for kudzu vine, he had “never seen a more aggressive and dangerous vine in Florida” (Morton, 1976). For islands in the Pacific (i.e., Hawaii, Fiji and Polynesia), D. bulbifera was probably an intentional aboriginal introduction, and currently it is common to locally abundant in plantations and home gardens (Stone, 1970; Whistler, 1983). Balya. ... i am interested in this documentation because I breeding three types of … While some authors define this family in a strict context including only the genera Dioscorea, Tamus and Rajania; other authors define this family in a broader context including also the genera Avetra, Trichopus, Stenomeris and Tacca (Raz, 2003). 1. Bayag-kabayo (Tag.) It is more tolerant to low temperatures during dormancy. Tampa, Florida, USA: University of South Florida. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. Greenish; vine. Badarakachha. Journal of Crop Production, 9(1-2, pt. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Wilkin P, 2001. The Plant Book: A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants. Wunderlin RP, Hansen BF, 2008. Leaf Hairs. Plants are dioecious; inflorescences are axillary and simple fasciculate. Airpotalo ... Aribukbuk. Aerial yam (Engl.) Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). pencil. Dioscorea bulbitera is one of the various species of yam. Dioscorea bulbifera. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. no hairs. Mabberley DJ, 1997. Hatch SL; Gandhi KN; Brown LE, 1990. Okagami N; Tanno N, 1991. In addition, several varieties of D. bulbifera contain the steroid, diosgenin, which is the principal material used in the production of a number of synthetic steroidal hormones, such as those used in the manufacture of birth-control pills (Oboh et al., 2001; ISSG, 2012). Dioscorea violacea Baudon Utong-utoñgan (Tag.) Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species., Hilo, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. London, UK: Longmans. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants., Tampa, Florida, USA: University of South Florida. The circumscription of this family still remains controversial. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. This species reproduces sexually by seeds and vegetatively by underground and aerial tubers (bulbils) which enable it to spread rapidly and colonize entire forests in a single growing season (Hammer, 1998; Langeland et al., 1998). 1. In Puerto Rico, D. bulbifera is reported in 1883 by Domingo Bello (Bello, 1883), and by 1903, Ignaz Urban reported it growing in natural forests, coffee plantations, and river valleys in different areas of Puerto Rico such as Yabucoa, Sierra de Luquillo, El Yunque, Juncos, Mayaguez, Rincón, and Sierra de Naguabo (Urban, 1905). Yam is the common name of some species in the genus dioscorea, they are perennial herbacocous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in African, Asia, Latin America etc. Miller JH, 2003. busu bulé (A. [English title not available]. Hammel BE; Grayum MH; Herrera C; Zamora N, 2003. Dioscorea pulchella ... 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